Louis XIII

Louis XIII
   king of France
   Born in Fontainebleau, the son of henry iv, first of the Bourbon kings, and marie de' medici, Louis, who reigned from 1610 to 1643, became king at nine years of age. During his minority (1610-17), his mother served as regent. She allied France with Spain and arranged the marriage (1615) of Louis to Princess anne of Austria, daughter of Philip III of Spain. There was a struggle for power between Louis and his mother during the period of the regency (Louis, aided by charles de luynes, had the adventurer concino concini assassinated), but finally both were reconciled to each other. For most of his reign, Louis's policies were determined by Cardinal richelieu, who joined the Council of Ministers (1624) through the efforts of Marie de' Medici, and served as prime minister until his death in 1642. Under Richelieu's anti-Hapsburg policy, France entered the thirty years' war as an ally of Sweden and the German Protestant princes. Louis's reign was also marked by occasional strife between Catholics and huguenots, whom he sometimes persecuted. There many conspiracies against Richelieu, often instigated by the king's brother, gaston of orléans. Louis was not, however, the puppet king as he has sometimes been portrayed. No decisions were made by Richelieu without the king's consent, and Louis took strong actions against conspiracies. Also, during his reign, Artois was taken from Burgundy and added to France. Moreover, he was a patron of the arts and had important additions made to the palace at Fontainebleau. Louis XIII was succeeded by his son, the future louis XIV.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Louis XIII de Rémy Martin — is a cognac produced by Rémy Martin. Production The cognac is manufactured using grapes from the Grande Champagne terroir of Cognac. It is blended from eau de vie, some more than a century in age, then it is aged in tiercons, barrels that are… …   Wikipedia

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  • Louis XIII le Juste — (1601 1643) fils d Henri IV et de Marie de Médicis, roi (1610 1643). Gouvernèrent d abord Marie de Médicis et Concini (1610 1617), puis, après l assassinat de ce dernier, le favori Luynes (1617 1621), qui imposa le pouvoir royal et combattit les… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Louis XIII of France — For the cognac, see Louis XIII de Rémy Martin. Infobox French Royalty|monarch name=Louis XIII title=King of France and Navarre caption=Louis XIII, by Philippe de Champaigne reign=14 May 1610 ndash; 14 May 1643 coronation=17 October 1610… …   Wikipedia

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